Chechen periodical Jihad Today, published undercover in Chechnya,
released the material titled «Jihad And Its Solution Today» prepared by the Shariah Council of State Defense Council «Majlis
al-Shura» of CRI (Chechen Republic of Ichkeria). This
material was forwarded to K.C. via e-mail. K.C. is publishing it with little abridgements.
Even though the issue of Hukma (the Decision) of Jihad today seems to be clear, we often
happen to encounter Muslims who ask a question: «Is Jihad in Chechnya mandatory (FardAyn) or voluntary (Fard-Kifayah)?»
or even «Is it Jihad going on in Chechnya?»
Therefore, even though we are afraid
to seem like pestering too much by repeating the same thing over and over, we would still like to remind some regulations concerning Jihad
according to the Word of the Most High:
to remind, for surely the reminder profits the believers».
(Koran, The Winds
that Scatter, 55)
First, what is Jihad?
Hanbali School (one of the four Shariah
Scientific Schools, «Madhabs» K.C.) defined it as spending power and energy in the war in the way of Allah by personal participation,
property, word, etc.
Maliki School considers it a war (a battle) of a Muslim with a Kafir (an infidel)
who has no treaty, to exalt the Word of Allah, or who trespassed on the territories of Muslims.
Hanbalis say that this is a war against Kafirs (the infidels), unlike an armed fight with the Muslims
bordering on being rebels, or brigands or robbers for an example. (Mugni-Muhtaj, vol. 6, page 4).
The missions of Jihad is protection and spreading of Islam and spreading the calling, and protection
and unbelievers, who are under the jurisdiction of Muslims, from a foreign aggression. The Most High said:
«How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children»
(Koran, The Women, 75)
After reading this we
hope it is clear that the war operations that Muslims are conducting against foreign aggressors in Chechnya are Jihad.
As far as the Hukma of Jihad today goes, it should be reminded that most of the scholars view Jihad
as mandatory (i.e. personal obligation for each Muslim) only in three cases:
1. If a Muslim of the full legal age joined the troops in accordance with the words of the Most High:
«O ye who believe! When ye meet an army, hold firm and think of Allah much,
that ye may be successful»
(Koran, The Spoils of War, 45)
«O ye who believe! When ye meet the unbelievers in hostile array,
never turn your backs to them».
(Koran, The Spoils of War, 45)
2. When the enemy entered a territory, a city or a village where Muslims are living, then everybody
is obligated to go to war.
3. When a countrys ruler mobilized some of the men of the full legal age. Ibn Abbas told
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: «There is no Hijra from Mecca to Medina after Mecca was taken, but the
Jihad and the intention remains, therefore if you get mobilized, then come out». (Fikh al Sunna).
And some scholars add:
4. If Kafirs captured
Muslims, they have to be fought with until the captives are released. The words of Almighty Allah are the proof thereof:
«How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and
of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are crying: Our Lord! Bring us forth from out this town of which
the people are oppressors! Oh, give us from thy presence some protecting friend! Oh, give us from Thy presence some defender!»
(Koran, The Women, 75).
Lets look into the case when Kafirs conquer a Muslim country. In this regard Sheikh Shaheed Abdullah
Azzam pointed out:
«And righteous ancestors, and followers, and scholars,
and commentators of the Koran are unanimous in the opinion that in this case Jihad becomes mandatory for the residents of
the country that was attacked by Kafirs and for its closest neighbors. So, son should come out without permission from his
father, a wife without permission from her husband, and debtor without permission
from his creditor. If there are not enough of these people, i.e. residents and neighbors, or
if they show negligence and carelessness or taking no actions to repulse the enemy,
then this obligation extends to all Muslims».
Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taimiya said:
«And as far as defensive war goes, this is the most
important type of repulsing the aggressor and defending the people and the religion. It is
mandatory by unanimous opinion of the scholars, since the aggressor destroys the religion
and after the faith in Allah there is nothing more important than repulsing the
enemy, and there are no other conditions for a person (that would exempt him from participation)».
We think that after quoting these examples it will be clear that the Hukma (the Decision) of Jihad
for Chechnya and its neighbors today is mandatory (FardAyn). And there are no other
interpretations implied here.
As far as the issue of trust or distrust to the Amirs (Commanders) of Jihad in Chechnya goes, we had
better refer to the words of Imam Abu Jafar at-Tahawi:
«Hajj and Jihad for Muslim
rulers, for the devout as well for the sinners, is carried out until the Day of Judgment, and there is nothing that takes
it away or makes them vain». (Al-Akida at-Takawiyya).
We acknowledge that many Amirs and Commanders are not an ideal, just like ordinary Muslims are not,
they are often far from the examples of the disciples of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). But the Shariah texts
are undeviatingly demanding that the rulers of Muslims in Jihad are obeyed, except when they order to commit a sin.
Ibn Abbas told that Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
«If someone sees in his Amir something
that he hates, let him endure, because verily, whoever dies after distancing from Jamaat even for a span, he dies a Jahili
As far as shortcomings and mistakes of the commanders go, we have the obligation to explain and to
correct their mistakes in a polite and acceptable form, since the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
«Religion is sincerity (sincere wish of kindness,
a good advice) concerning Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of Muslims and all Muslims».
We cannot turn a blind eye to the faults or mistakes of the command, or especially support them in
it; we must work hard to make them improve their personal qualities, to extend their Islamic knowledge and to promote the
Shariah of Almighty Allah in all areas of our life.
Shariah Council of State Defense Council «Majlis al-Shura» of CRI,
«Jihad Today» Issue No. 7
Department of Correspondence,Kavkaz-Center