By Maulânâ Muhammad Masûd Adhhar (hafidhahullah)
What is the meaning of jihâd
To fight against the non-believers or to help wholeheartedly those who are engaged in
the fighting, fulfilling all their needs, for the sole reason that the dîn of Allâh is raised high, and the oppressed Muslims
are protected, is called jihâd. This is whether the fighting be against those kuffâr (non-muslims) to whom dawah was made
(they were called to Islâm), and they didnt accept, or against those kuffâr who have made an attack on the Muslims. (Obeying
the amîr (commander) in any section of the fighting against the kuffâr is called jihâd).
2. When was the command
for jihâd revealed?
The command for jihâd was revealed in al-Madînah 2 years after hijrah (emigration to al-Madînah)
What was the first âyah that was revealed regarding jihâd?
The first âyah revealed regarding jihâd is the âyah of Sûrat
Permission to fight has been given to those (believers) who are fighting them, because they (believers) have been
wronged, and surely, Allâh is Able to give them (believers) victory.
4. What type of jihâd is
The jihâd in which the Prophet Muhammad himself participated is called a ghazwah.
5. What type
of jihâd is a sariyyah?
The expeditions that the Prophet Muhammad sent out during his blessed lifetime, but which he
himself did not participate in, these are called sarâyâ (plural of sariyyah).
6. What is the total number of ghazawât?
Prophet Muhammad took part in 27 ghazawât (plural of ghazwah), therefore the total number of ghazawât is 27. Other narrations
report some higher and lower numbers.
7. How many sariyyahs were there in the time of Rasûlullah?
blessed era of Rasûlullah there were 56 sarâyâ. There are also other narrations.
8. What is the command of jihâd?
Jihâd is a fard. (obligation) in Islâm, and it is a very important type of `ibâdah (worship)
9. What is
the Hikmah (wisdom) behind jihâd?
Allâh `azza wa jall was mentioned the Hikmah behind jihâd in the Qurân such that
if there was no jihâd, then corruption would spread over the land, and places of worship would be demolished. This means that
if the dhâlim people (oppressors) are not finished off by the way of jihâd, the whole world will become wrapped up in trials
and corruptions, and the evil kuffâr will demolish the Muslim places of worship, and destroy the Muslims. However, because
of jihâd all these trials will be finished, and peace and justice will become widespread over the Earth, and the dîn of Allâh
will be raised high and supreme.
10. Did any prophets before Prophet Muhammad do jihâd?
Yes. Before the
Prophet Muhammad many ambiyâ (plural of nabî) did jihâd and along with those prophets, the believing people of those times
also helped and participated in very way possible in the jihâd.
11. Who was the nabî who killed the dhâlim kâafir
king in his childhood?
This nabî was Sayyidinâ Dâwûd (alaih is-salâm), who killed the dhâlim kâfir Jâlût while he was
12. Who was the nabî who called his people towards jihâd, but his people showed cowardice and refused?
Mûsâ (alaih is-salâm) told his people about the command from Allâh to wage jihâd, but his people told him, Go you and your
Lord and fight; truly we are staying here seated.
13. Who was the nabî that made the niyyah (intention) that if Allâh
would give him 100 sons, he would make them all Mujâhidîn and soldiers in the way Allâh?
This nabî was Sayyidinâ Sulaymân
14. Which âyah is it in the Qurân which shows that jihâd is fard.?
This is the âyah of
Fighting is enjoined upon you, while it is hard on you. And it could be that you dislike something, when
it good for you, and it could be that you like something when it is bad for you. Allâh knows and you do not know.
15. What is the meaning of qitâl?
To fight in the way of Allâh so that His deen is raised supreme is
16. Is jihâd a rahmah (mercy) or fasâd (corruption)?
Jihâd is a mercy from Allâh `azza wa
17. In what way is jihâd a mercy for the Muslims?
Through jihâd, the Muslims attain the love of Allâh
Taâlâ and come closer to Him. They also receive the many favours that Allâh has promised for those people that do jihâd. In
the same way, the Muslims gain khilâfah over the land (i.e. they have power and rule the people), and they gain booty from
the wealth of the kuffâr. This improves the living conditions of the Muslims. Some very fortunate people gain the high maqâm
(status) of shahâdah (martyrdom dying in the path of Allâh) through jihâd.
18. In what way is jihâd a mercy for
Jihâd is a mercy for the kuffâr in such a way that many times they gain freedom from kufr, and after being
defeated by the muslims, they stop trying to keep back Islâm, and they learn of the greatness of Allâh `azza wa jall. And
many times, after living in an Islâmic state, they develop a love for Islâm and become Muslim. In the same way, through jihâd
the kuffâr gain freedom from the oppressing regime of kufr (disbelief in Allâh), and they live in peace and harmony under
the justice of Islâmic rule.
19. What things are necessary before jihâd?
Before jihâd it is necessary
to make preparations and train for jihâd. In the Qurân itself. Allâh `azza wa jall has commanded the Muslims to prepare for
20. What is meant by preparing for jihâd?
Preparing for jihâd means:
- to become physically strong
- learning how to make weapons and armour,
- learning about war tactics and weapons,
- learning how to
care for horses,
And, according to the times, collecting enough arms and weaponry that it develops ru`b (fear) in the
hearts of the kuffâr, and they can no longer conspire and plot against the Muslims.
21. Is there any thawâb (reward) for preparing for jihâd too?
Even just for preparing for jihâd, Allâh `azza wa
jall gives a great reward, so much so that if someone brings up a horse with the intention of jihâd, the owner gets a reward
for the walking of the horse, and even if the horse excretes and urinates, on the day of Qiyâmah, the owner will be rewarded
for it! And this rule is applied to everything that is kept for the preparation of jihâd.
22. What is the importance
of giving dawah for jihâd.
Allah `azza wa jall ordered his beloved Prophet Muhammad that take part in jihâd yourself,
and also encourage the believers to do jihâd. Jihâd is a very difficult task, so the nafs and Shaytân are always trying to
stop man from this great deed., therefore it is necessary to make a lot of dawah for jihâd, so that the dâi (one who gives
dawah), and the one to whom dawah is given are both encouraged to take part in jihâd.
23. What is the Muslim called
who fights with the enemies and is killed?
The Muslim who dies at the hands of the enemies during jihâd is called a
24. What are the fad.âil (virtues) of the shahîd?
In the qurân, Allâh has said Do not call
those who are killed in the way of Allâh dead, in reality they are alive, but you do not know.
In a hadîth (to the nearest
meaning), we are told that the Allâh gives the shahîd 6 gifts:
1. He is forgiven at the first moment. And he is shown is
abode in jannah.
2. He is protected from the azhâb (punishment) of the grave.
3. He is kept in peace at the time of
the great anxiety (al-qiyâmah)
4. On his head, he is made to wear a crown of respect and dignity, and one precious stone
from this crown is better than the whole world and all it contains.
5. He will be married to the hûr with big beautiful
6. He will be allowed to intercede for 70 of his relatives.
25. How is it to wish for shahâdah (martyrdom)?
Muslim should wish for shahâdah and made du`â to Allâh Taâlâ for it. The Prophet Muhammad himself wished over and over again
to be martyred in the path of Allâh
26. What is the Muslim called that isnt killed in jihâd?
is called a ghâzi. The word is actually used for anyone that does jihâd, but generally it is used for someone who, after taking
part in jihâd in the battlefield, comes back and is not a shahîd.
27. What is the wealth called that is acquired
by the Muslims from the kuffâr during jihâd?
This wealth is ghanâim (booty).
28. What type of wealth
if the ghanâim?
The ghanâim is a very pure type of wealth. Allâh Taâlâ chose this wealth for his beloved Prophet Muhammad
. Muhammad used to make use of this wealth in al-Madînah. And the Prophet has said that the most pure wealth for a Muslim
is the ghanâim.
29. What is the difference between ghanâim and fai?
If after fighting with the kuffâr, the
Muslims acquire the wealth of the kuffâr, this is called ghanâim. If in the battlefield, the kuffâr leave their weapons and
wealth without fighting the Muslims, this wealth is called fai.
30. How should the Muslims fight in the battlefield?
is the command of Allâh 1azza wa jall, that the believers, when they fight with the kuffâr, should be firm and steadfast,
and to do this, they should remember Allâh a lot. This is why the Muslims should be steadfast and make plenty of dhikr, because
through dhikr the Muslims receive strength and power, and the fear is removed from their hearts.
31. Is it allowed
to turn heels and flee from the battlefield?
To flee from the enemies on the battlefield is a very great sin. It is
in the Qurân that whoever flees from the battlefield, Allâhs anger will be on that person. However, if someone is fleeing
so that he can rejoin the troops he has left behind, or as a deception to the enemies, so that he can gather forces and make
a fresh attack, then there is permission for this and it is definitely not a sin.
32. How many ashâb (companions)
were martyred during the blessed lifetime of the Prophet ?
During the lifetime of the Prophet , 259 of his companions
(rad.i Allahu anhum) were martyred.
33. How many kuffâr were killed in the jihâd wajed during the lifetime of the
In the jihâd waged during the lifetime of the Prophet , 759 kuffâr were killed.
34. What is
Ribât is to stand guard for the protection of the Islâmic borders or the Muslim troops.
is the fad.ilah of ribât?
Ribât is a deed with many virtues. It has been commanded by Allâh Taâlâ in the Qurân, and
Rasûlullâh has narrated countless virtues for it. The fortunate mujâhid who does this deed gains all the reward of those he
leaves behind, and the eye that lies awake in guard will never be touched by the fire of hell. One day of guard is better
than the whole world and all it contains.
36. One of the names of the Prophet is Nabî us-Sayf, what does this mean?
Nabî us-Sayf means the Prophet of the
37. Why was the Prophet called Nabî us-Sayf?
The Prophet said that Allâh has sent me with the sword.
The Prophet conquered the wicked and immoral kuffâr by way of the sword, and because of this, the people got a chance to come
near to Islâm, and the whole of humanity got peace and harmony, for this reason he was called the Prophet of the sword. The
sword symbolises jihâd, meaning the Prophet of jihâd. Allâh Taâlâ gave him the power of jihâd so that the dawah il-Allâh (call
towards Allâh) could not be kept away.
38. The Prophet said that I am Nabî ul-Malâhim. What does this mean?
ul-Malâhim means the Prophet of the battles. A malhamah is a great battle. The amount of jihâd that was waged during the time
of Rasûllah was greater than ever before, and this jihâd will stay in his ummah till al-qiyâmah. This is why Muhammad was
called the Prophet of the battles. The Prophet himself fought in the battles and in his time, there was no one so brave and
courageous as he was.
39. What is the position of jihâd in comparison to other good amâl?
Jihâd is the most
virtuous deed from all the good deeds, because in jihâd, man sacrifices his life and his wealth, which is not found in any
other deed, and this is why jihâd is called the most virtuous of all deeds. Another reason is also that jihâd safeguards all
the other deeds (i.e. only because of jihâd is it possible to perform all the other deeds), this is why is has precedence
over all other good deeds.
40. What is the virtue of spending one day or one night in jihâd?
It is narrated
in a hadîth that to spend one day and one night in jihâd is better than the whole world and all its wealth and goods. In explanation
of this hadîth, the `ulamâ (scholars) have written that if a man is given all the wealth and goods of the world, and he spends
all this in the worship of Allâh `azza wa jall, even then his reward cannot equal the reward of the man who spent one day
or one night in jihâd.
41. When does jihâd become fard `ayn (obligatory on each individual)?
fard `ayn in the following cases:
- When the kuffâr attack the Muslims
- When the kuffâr capture any Muslim woman or
- When the rows of the Muslims and kuffâr are facing each other on the battlefield
- When the khalîfah (leader)
calls the Muslims to jihâd.
42. What is the meaning of fard `ayn?
Fard `ayn means that it becomes compulsory
on every Muslim to carry it out. Even if one person carries it out the responsibility is not lifted from everyones shoulders.
When jihâd becomes fard `ayn, it is not necessary to ask for permission from parents, or creditors, nor is it necessary for
the slave and servant to ask permission from their master and employer.
43. What is the sin of not doing jihâd?
Prophet said that the man who did not do jihâd, nor did he have any desire or intention to do so, will die on a part of nifâq
(hypocrisy). And in another hadîth, it is narrated that the one who did not do jihâd, nor did he equip a mujâhid, nor did
he look after the home of a mujâhid, then before he dies, Allâh `azza wa jall will involve him in a dreadful difficulty.
If a Muslim was wounded in jihâd, what is the reward for this?
There is a great reward for being wounded in jihâd.
It is narrated in a hadîth that on the day of al-qiyâmah, the one who was wounded will come, and his blood will be the colour
of blood, but it will be smelling like musk.
45. If someone dies on the way to jihâd, will he get any reward or
The Muslim who leaves home with the intention of jihâd, then on the way he dies, or falls of his means of transport
(e.g. horse) and dies, or he dies from the bite of a wild animal, in every case he has been promised jannah.
What is the reward for someone who spent wealth in jihâd?
The Prophet Muhammad said that the person who equipped a
mujâhid with all the necessary tools and equipment, then he too has done jihâd. The man who spends a few rupees sitting at
home he will get the reward of 700 times as much, and the one who himself goes out in jihâd and spends his wealth, in place
of 1 he gets 700,000, and Allâh Taâlâ can give even more to whoever he wants.
47. Which is the best jihâd?
is narrated in a hadîth that the best jihâd is that the legs of the mujâhids horse are cut and the mujâhids blood also flows,
meaning he is shahîd.
48. What is the reward for throwing an arrow or firing a bullet at the enemy?
threw an arrow towards the enemy, whether the arrow hit the enemy or not, he gets the reward of freeing a slave. It is narrated
in a hadîth that Allâh Taâlâ gives jannah to three people because of one arrow. The first is the man who made the arrow with
the intention of gaining thawâb (reward), the second is the man who threw the arrow, and the third is the man who placed the
arrow in the hand of the thrower.
49. What is the reward for killing a kâfir in jihâd?
The Prophet said
that a kâfir and his killer can never be in hell together. The kâfir will go to hell, so his killer will obviously go to jannah.
What intention should one make when leaving for jihâd?
When leaving for jihâd, one should make the intention for pleasing
Allâh `azza wa jall and raising His dîn high and superior. You should never have the intention of going to make yourself be
known as brave among the people, or to collect wealth.
fight them till there is no more fitnah and all worship is for Allâh.
(Sûrat al-Baqarah: 193)
It is He who has sent
His Messengers with guidance and the Religion of Truth to make it superior over all religions, even though the mushrikûn hate
(Sûrat at-Tawbah: 33)