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Introducing Jihaad

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Shaikh Usama Bin Ladin

By Mauln Muhammad Masd Adhhar (hafidhahullah)


1. What is the meaning of jihd

To fight against the non-believers or to help wholeheartedly those who are engaged in the fighting, fulfilling all their needs, for the sole reason that the dn of Allh is raised high, and the oppressed Muslims are protected, is called jihd. This is whether the fighting be against those kuffr (non-muslims) to whom dawah was made (they were called to Islm), and they didnt accept, or against those kuffr who have made an attack on the Muslims. (Obeying the amr (commander) in any section of the fighting against the kuffr is called jihd).


2. When was the command for jihd revealed?

The command for jihd was revealed in al-Madnah 2 years after hijrah (emigration to al-Madnah)


3. What was the first yah that was revealed regarding jihd?

The first yah revealed regarding jihd is the yah of Srat al-Hajj:
Permission to fight has been given to those (believers) who are fighting them, because they (believers) have been wronged, and surely, Allh is Able to give them (believers) victory.
(al-Hajj: 39)


4. What type of jihd is a ghazwah?

The jihd in which the Prophet Muhammad himself participated is called a ghazwah.


5. What type of jihd is a sariyyah?

The expeditions that the Prophet Muhammad sent out during his blessed lifetime, but which he himself did not participate in, these are called sary (plural of sariyyah).


6. What is the total number of ghazawt?

The Prophet Muhammad took part in 27 ghazawt (plural of ghazwah), therefore the total number of ghazawt is 27. Other narrations report some higher and lower numbers.

7. How many sariyyahs were there in the time of Raslullah?

During the blessed era of Raslullah there were 56 sary. There are also other narrations.


8. What is the command of jihd?

Jihd is a fard. (obligation) in Islm, and it is a very important type of `ibdah (worship)


9. What is the Hikmah (wisdom) behind jihd?

Allh `azza wa jall was mentioned the Hikmah behind jihd in the Qurn such that if there was no jihd, then corruption would spread over the land, and places of worship would be demolished. This means that if the dhlim people (oppressors) are not finished off by the way of jihd, the whole world will become wrapped up in trials and corruptions, and the evil kuffr will demolish the Muslim places of worship, and destroy the Muslims. However, because of jihd all these trials will be finished, and peace and justice will become widespread over the Earth, and the dn of Allh will be raised high and supreme.


10. Did any prophets before Prophet Muhammad do jihd?

Yes. Before the Prophet Muhammad many ambiy (plural of nab) did jihd and along with those prophets, the believing people of those times also helped and participated in very way possible in the jihd.


11. Who was the nab who killed the dhlim kafir king in his childhood?

This nab was Sayyidin Dwd (alaih is-salm), who killed the dhlim kfir Jlt while he was a child.


12. Who was the nab who called his people towards jihd, but his people showed cowardice and refused?

Sayyidin Ms (alaih is-salm) told his people about the command from Allh to wage jihd, but his people told him, Go you and your Lord and fight; truly we are staying here seated.

13. Who was the nab that made the niyyah (intention) that if Allh would give him 100 sons, he would make them all Mujhidn and soldiers in the way Allh?

This nab was Sayyidin Sulaymn (alaih is-salm)


14. Which yah is it in the Qurn which shows that jihd is fard.?

This is the yah of Srat al-Baqarah:
Fighting is enjoined upon you, while it is hard on you. And it could be that you dislike something, when it good for you, and it could be that you like something when it is bad for you. Allh knows and you do not know.
(Al-Baqarah: 216)


15. What is the meaning of qitl?

To fight in the way of Allh so that His deen is raised supreme is called qitl.


16. Is jihd a rahmah (mercy) or fasd (corruption)?

Jihd is a mercy from Allh `azza wa jall.


17. In what way is jihd a mercy for the Muslims?

Through jihd, the Muslims attain the love of Allh Tal and come closer to Him. They also receive the many favours that Allh has promised for those people that do jihd. In the same way, the Muslims gain khilfah over the land (i.e. they have power and rule the people), and they gain booty from the wealth of the kuffr. This improves the living conditions of the Muslims. Some very fortunate people gain the high maqm (status) of shahdah (martyrdom dying in the path of Allh) through jihd.


18. In what way is jihd a mercy for the kuffr?

Jihd is a mercy for the kuffr in such a way that many times they gain freedom from kufr, and after being defeated by the muslims, they stop trying to keep back Islm, and they learn of the greatness of Allh `azza wa jall. And many times, after living in an Islmic state, they develop a love for Islm and become Muslim. In the same way, through jihd the kuffr gain freedom from the oppressing regime of kufr (disbelief in Allh), and they live in peace and harmony under the justice of Islmic rule.



19. What things are necessary before jihd?

Before jihd it is necessary to make preparations and train for jihd. In the Qurn itself. Allh `azza wa jall has commanded the Muslims to prepare for jihd.


20. What is meant by preparing for jihd?

Preparing for jihd means:
- to become physically strong for jihd,
- learning how to make weapons and armour,
- learning about war tactics and weapons,
- learning how to care for horses,
And, according to the times, collecting enough arms and weaponry that it develops ru`b (fear) in the hearts of the kuffr, and they can no longer conspire and plot against the Muslims.


PART 2

21. Is there any thawb (reward) for preparing for jihd too?

Even just for preparing for jihd, Allh `azza wa jall gives a great reward, so much so that if someone brings up a horse with the intention of jihd, the owner gets a reward for the walking of the horse, and even if the horse excretes and urinates, on the day of Qiymah, the owner will be rewarded for it! And this rule is applied to everything that is kept for the preparation of jihd.


22. What is the importance of giving dawah for jihd.

Allah `azza wa jall ordered his beloved Prophet Muhammad that take part in jihd yourself, and also encourage the believers to do jihd. Jihd is a very difficult task, so the nafs and Shaytn are always trying to stop man from this great deed., therefore it is necessary to make a lot of dawah for jihd, so that the di (one who gives dawah), and the one to whom dawah is given are both encouraged to take part in jihd.


23. What is the Muslim called who fights with the enemies and is killed?

The Muslim who dies at the hands of the enemies during jihd is called a shahd (martyr).


24. What are the fad.il (virtues) of the shahd?

In the qurn, Allh has said Do not call those who are killed in the way of Allh dead, in reality they are alive, but you do not know.
In a hadth (to the nearest meaning), we are told that the Allh gives the shahd 6 gifts:
1. He is forgiven at the first moment. And he is shown is abode in jannah.
2. He is protected from the azhb (punishment) of the grave.
3. He is kept in peace at the time of the great anxiety (al-qiymah)
4. On his head, he is made to wear a crown of respect and dignity, and one precious stone from this crown is better than the whole world and all it contains.
5. He will be married to the hr with big beautiful eyes.
6. He will be allowed to intercede for 70 of his relatives.


25. How is it to wish for shahdah (martyrdom)?

Every Muslim should wish for shahdah and made du` to Allh Tal for it. The Prophet Muhammad himself wished over and over again to be martyred in the path of Allh


26. What is the Muslim called that isnt killed in jihd?

Usually, he is called a ghzi. The word is actually used for anyone that does jihd, but generally it is used for someone who, after taking part in jihd in the battlefield, comes back and is not a shahd.


27. What is the wealth called that is acquired by the Muslims from the kuffr during jihd?

This wealth is ghanim (booty).



28. What type of wealth if the ghanim?

The ghanim is a very pure type of wealth. Allh Tal chose this wealth for his beloved Prophet Muhammad . Muhammad used to make use of this wealth in al-Madnah. And the Prophet has said that the most pure wealth for a Muslim is the ghanim.


29. What is the difference between ghanim and fai?

If after fighting with the kuffr, the Muslims acquire the wealth of the kuffr, this is called ghanim. If in the battlefield, the kuffr leave their weapons and wealth without fighting the Muslims, this wealth is called fai.

30. How should the Muslims fight in the battlefield?

It is the command of Allh 1azza wa jall, that the believers, when they fight with the kuffr, should be firm and steadfast, and to do this, they should remember Allh a lot. This is why the Muslims should be steadfast and make plenty of dhikr, because through dhikr the Muslims receive strength and power, and the fear is removed from their hearts.


31. Is it allowed to turn heels and flee from the battlefield?

To flee from the enemies on the battlefield is a very great sin. It is in the Qurn that whoever flees from the battlefield, Allhs anger will be on that person. However, if someone is fleeing so that he can rejoin the troops he has left behind, or as a deception to the enemies, so that he can gather forces and make a fresh attack, then there is permission for this and it is definitely not a sin.


32. How many ashb (companions) were martyred during the blessed lifetime of the Prophet ?

During the lifetime of the Prophet , 259 of his companions (rad.i Allahu anhum) were martyred.


33. How many kuffr were killed in the jihd wajed during the lifetime of the Prophet ?

In the jihd waged during the lifetime of the Prophet , 759 kuffr were killed.



34. What is ribt?

Ribt is to stand guard for the protection of the Islmic borders or the Muslim troops.


35. What is the fad.ilah of ribt?

Ribt is a deed with many virtues. It has been commanded by Allh Tal in the Qurn, and Raslullh has narrated countless virtues for it. The fortunate mujhid who does this deed gains all the reward of those he leaves behind, and the eye that lies awake in guard will never be touched by the fire of hell. One day of guard is better than the whole world and all it contains.

PART 3
 
36. One of the names of the Prophet is Nab us-Sayf, what does this mean?

Nab us-Sayf means the Prophet of the Sword.


37. Why was the Prophet called Nab us-Sayf?

The Prophet said that Allh has sent me with the sword. The Prophet conquered the wicked and immoral kuffr by way of the sword, and because of this, the people got a chance to come near to Islm, and the whole of humanity got peace and harmony, for this reason he was called the Prophet of the sword. The sword symbolises jihd, meaning the Prophet of jihd. Allh Tal gave him the power of jihd so that the dawah il-Allh (call towards Allh) could not be kept away.


38. The Prophet said that I am Nab ul-Malhim. What does this mean?

Nab ul-Malhim means the Prophet of the battles. A malhamah is a great battle. The amount of jihd that was waged during the time of Rasllah was greater than ever before, and this jihd will stay in his ummah till al-qiymah. This is why Muhammad was called the Prophet of the battles. The Prophet himself fought in the battles and in his time, there was no one so brave and courageous as he was.


39. What is the position of jihd in comparison to other good aml?

Jihd is the most virtuous deed from all the good deeds, because in jihd, man sacrifices his life and his wealth, which is not found in any other deed, and this is why jihd is called the most virtuous of all deeds. Another reason is also that jihd safeguards all the other deeds (i.e. only because of jihd is it possible to perform all the other deeds), this is why is has precedence over all other good deeds.


40. What is the virtue of spending one day or one night in jihd?

It is narrated in a hadth that to spend one day and one night in jihd is better than the whole world and all its wealth and goods. In explanation of this hadth, the `ulam (scholars) have written that if a man is given all the wealth and goods of the world, and he spends all this in the worship of Allh `azza wa jall, even then his reward cannot equal the reward of the man who spent one day or one night in jihd.


41. When does jihd become fard `ayn (obligatory on each individual)?

Jihd becomes fard `ayn in the following cases:
- When the kuffr attack the Muslims
- When the kuffr capture any Muslim woman or child
- When the rows of the Muslims and kuffr are facing each other on the battlefield
- When the khalfah (leader) calls the Muslims to jihd.


42. What is the meaning of fard `ayn?

Fard `ayn means that it becomes compulsory on every Muslim to carry it out. Even if one person carries it out the responsibility is not lifted from everyones shoulders. When jihd becomes fard `ayn, it is not necessary to ask for permission from parents, or creditors, nor is it necessary for the slave and servant to ask permission from their master and employer.


43. What is the sin of not doing jihd?

The Prophet said that the man who did not do jihd, nor did he have any desire or intention to do so, will die on a part of nifq (hypocrisy). And in another hadth, it is narrated that the one who did not do jihd, nor did he equip a mujhid, nor did he look after the home of a mujhid, then before he dies, Allh `azza wa jall will involve him in a dreadful difficulty.


44. If a Muslim was wounded in jihd, what is the reward for this?

There is a great reward for being wounded in jihd. It is narrated in a hadth that on the day of al-qiymah, the one who was wounded will come, and his blood will be the colour of blood, but it will be smelling like musk.


45. If someone dies on the way to jihd, will he get any reward or not?

The Muslim who leaves home with the intention of jihd, then on the way he dies, or falls of his means of transport (e.g. horse) and dies, or he dies from the bite of a wild animal, in every case he has been promised jannah.


46. What is the reward for someone who spent wealth in jihd?

The Prophet Muhammad said that the person who equipped a mujhid with all the necessary tools and equipment, then he too has done jihd. The man who spends a few rupees sitting at home he will get the reward of 700 times as much, and the one who himself goes out in jihd and spends his wealth, in place of 1 he gets 700,000, and Allh Tal can give even more to whoever he wants.


47. Which is the best jihd?

It is narrated in a hadth that the best jihd is that the legs of the mujhids horse are cut and the mujhids blood also flows, meaning he is shahd.


48. What is the reward for throwing an arrow or firing a bullet at the enemy?

Whoever threw an arrow towards the enemy, whether the arrow hit the enemy or not, he gets the reward of freeing a slave. It is narrated in a hadth that Allh Tal gives jannah to three people because of one arrow. The first is the man who made the arrow with the intention of gaining thawb (reward), the second is the man who threw the arrow, and the third is the man who placed the arrow in the hand of the thrower.


49. What is the reward for killing a kfir in jihd?

The Prophet said that a kfir and his killer can never be in hell together. The kfir will go to hell, so his killer will obviously go to jannah.


50. What intention should one make when leaving for jihd?

When leaving for jihd, one should make the intention for pleasing Allh `azza wa jall and raising His dn high and superior. You should never have the intention of going to make yourself be known as brave among the people, or to collect wealth.



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And fight them till there is no more fitnah and all worship is for Allh.
(Srat al-Baqarah: 193)

It is He who has sent His Messengers with guidance and the Religion of Truth to make it superior over all religions, even though the mushrikn hate it.
(Srat at-Tawbah: 33)